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Senusret III, the 5th King of the 12th Dynasty

Senusret III is probably the best attested king of the New Kingdom. He ruled the country for perhaps as long as 37 years as the 5th pharaoh of Egypt’s 12th Dynasty from around 1878 until 1841 BC.

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He is probably also the best known of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs to the public because of his many naturalistic statues showing a man with often heavy eye-lids and lined continence. Later statues seem to portray him with increasing “world-weariness”. Taken along with contemporary text, these statues seem to wish us to believe Senusret III was a king possessed of a concerned, serious and thoughtful regard for his high office

Egyptologists make a great deal out of Senusret III’s statuary. It is much loser in terms of the rigid ideological representations of earlier kings and illustrates a shift in both the function of art and a change in the ideology surrounding the king. The human qualities of the statues give a sense of age and tension, rather than the all powerful king portrayed in older works. We see in these statues a shift away from the king as god, and more towards the king as leader.

Senusret was this king’s birth name, which mean, “Man of Goddess Wosret”. He is also sometimes referred to as Senwosret III and Senusert III, or by the Greeks, Sesostris III. His throne name was Kha-khau-re, meaning “Appearing like the Souls of Re”. Senusret III was most surely the son of Senusret II, changing a trend of having alternate leaders named Senusret and Amenemhet. We know of no co-regency with his father, though most of the previous 12th Dynasty kings shared at least a few years of their reign with their sons, and a co-regency would clear up some questions about Senusret III’s long reign.senusret37

His mother may have been Khnumetneferhedjetweret (Khanumet, Weret), who we believe was buried in a tomb near his pyramid at Dahshur. He was married to a principle queen named Mereret, who probably outlived him, and may have also been married to his sister, Sit-Hathor. His son and successor was Amenemhet III.

 

The Imhotep Museum

It was with great excitement that the new Imhotep Museum was opened in April 2006 by Dr. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities.1016842_565042426936240_2029461160_n

A modern museum, both in technology and security, this is a place not to be missed on your next visit to Saqqara. Located twenty kilometers south of the Giza Pyramids, Saqqara is the site of the Step Pyramid and the funerary complex of King Zoser (Djoser), the Pyramid of Unas, the Teti Pyramid, OldKingdom tombs with scenes of daily life, and much more. The Step Pyramid of Zoser is Egypt’s first pyramid, designed by Imhotep, for whom the museum is named.

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The sands of Saqqara have yielded treasures from the Archaic Period, the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom, Late Period and Greco-Roman Period.

And there is still much yet to be discovered! The excavations are continuing and each season more treasures are found.

 

Marsa Alam

Marsa Alam is located in the south of the Eastern Desert in Egypt on the Red Sea. It is 790 kilometers south of Cairo and about 300 kilometers from Hurghada. Marsa Alam is an old, small town famous for diving, fishing, and for its international port.1549531_571288752978274_527024406_n

However, in the past few years, Marsa Alam has become an important tourist destination, especially after the opening of the Marsa Alam International Airport. Many people, tourists and Egyptians alike, believe that Marsa Alam in the coming few years will become another Sharm El-Sheikh.

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There are many reasons behind this belief but in order to understand them, we first need to understand the nature and conditions of Marsa Alam.

Marsa Alam is located in a very special place on the Red Sea. This is why there are so many coral reefs there that attract tourists from all over the world. Marsa Alam itself is a tiny primitive town with the international port four kilometers north of the town.

The town consists mainly of two or three Oriental cafes and four small supermarkets.

Moulids

Moulids are the equivalent of medieval European saint’s fairs, popular events combining piety, Moulidfun and commerce. Their ostensible aim is to obtain blessing (baraka) from the saint, but the social and cultural dimensions are equally important. Moulids are an opportunity for people to escape the monotory of their hard-working lives in several days of festivities, and for friends and families from different villages to meet. Farming problems are discussed, as well as family matters- and marriage- as people dance, eat and pray together. Continue reading

Tipping and Baksheesh

11111111111111111111As a presumed-rich khawaga (the Egyptian term for a foreigner), you will be expected to be liberal with baksheesh, which can be divided into three main varieties. The most common is tipping: a small reward for a small service, which can encompass anything from being waited on to someone unlocking a tomb or museum room at one of the ancient sites.

The sums involved are often partly, but try to strike a balance between defending your own wallet and acquiescing gracefully when appropriate. There’s little point in offending people over what are Continue reading

Legends: The Nile Bride

--1963~2

The Nile bride is the most beautiful lady in her village. She should be young and pretty. On a specific day of the year, she is dressed the most expensive jewelries and clothes to become suitable for a great festival full of joy, happiness and hope. In this festival, she sacrifices her life for others according to the Ancient Egyptians’ traditions. The Nile was a God for Pharaohs that needed a present to keep helping people. To ask the Great Nile for the flood making the ground fertile, Pharaohs were choosing the most beautiful lady in the whole village to be thrown in the Great Nile. Then the Nile accepts their request and sends them the flood. Continue reading

Bayt Al-Suhaymi

DSCN0633Bayt Al-Suhaymi is an old Ottoman era house museum in Cairo, Egypt. It was originally built in 1648 by Abdel Wahab el Tablawy along the Darb al-Asfar, a very prestigious and expensive part of Medieval Cairo. n 1796 it was purchased by Sheikh Ahmed as-Suhaymi whose family held it for several subsequent generations. The Sheikh greatly extended the house from its original through incorporating neighbouring houses into its structure. Today the house is a museum which foreign visitors can tour.

Mulukhiya

Mulukhyya

It is made from the leaves of jute and corchorus plants that grow in east and north Africa. In Egypt, Mulukhiya is prepared by chopping the leaves with garlic and coriander and cooking it in an animal stock such as chicken, beef or rabbit, and served with Egyptian bread or rice. Interestingly, different cities in Egypt prepare it in different ways. For example fish or shrimp are used as bases for the broth in coastal cities such as Alexandria and Port Said. During the late Tenth century, the dish was banned by the Fatimid Caliph Al Hakim Bi-Amr Allah, while the ban was lifted, religious sects such as the Druze still refuse to eat the dish in respect for the late Caliph.

Ingredients:

14 ounces molokheya (use 1 frozen package- should be 14oz or 400 grams, there is only one size, so if different- no prob)
2 chicken bouillon cubes Continue reading

Early Dynastic

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Archaeological sources indicate the emergence, by the late Gerzean period (about 3200 BC), of a dominant political force that was to become the consolidating element in the first united kingdom of ancient Egypt.

            This is a plate from the Early Dynastic period of Ancient Egypt, circa                   3900 BC. It depicts a man on a boat alongside a Hippo and Crocodile.
                    The plate now resides in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.                                                      

The earliest  known hieroglyphic writing dates from this period; soon the names of early rulers began to appear on monuments. This period began with a 0 Dynasty, which had as many as 13 rulers, ending with Narmer Continue reading

Temples of Abu Simbel

Temples of Abu Simbel
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The Temples of Abu Simbel are amongst the most interesting Pharaonic Temples, located close to the southern border with the Sudan. They are 280 km south of Aswan and consist of two, rock-cut Temples, which both date back to the reign of King Ramses II (1290-1223 BC). Unfortunately these unique Temples suffered from the raising water of Lake Nasser while the High Dam was being built. Other countries, with the help of UNESCO, assisted Egypt to help save them.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ur-H7dP8FNc

 

ِAncient Egypt ِ

Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt grips the imagination, touches the soul and inspires the uninspired. You simply can’t escape over 7000 years of historical influence Ancient Egypt enjoys. The legacy of Ancient Egypt, with names like Ramses, Nefertiti and Tutankhamen and places like the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx echoes in art, literature and popular culture.
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Shawarma

Shawrma
الشاورما

نوع من أنواع المأكولات الشرقية وهو عبارة عن لحم مشوي بطريقة خاصة. لحم الشاورما يكون عادة من اللحم البقري أو لحم الجمل أو لحم الضأن أو لحم الدجاج حيث يوضع اللحم مرصوصاً على سيخ معدني

Shawarma
It is a kind of Oriental cuisine, which is a roast beef in a special way. Shawarma meat is usually beef or camel meat or lamb or chicken meat where the meat is placed on a metal skewer

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